Patients with refractory angina have persistent or troublesome symptoms of angina ie chest discomfort often associated with breathlessness, despite medical or surgical treatment (such as coronary artery bypass grafting or coronary artery stenting). A broad range of patients have refractory angina. Some may have only a mild narrowing in their coronary arteries (or normal arteries eg Syndrome X) whilst others may have had several operations or stents. What is common to all patients with refractory angina is that their symptoms have not gone away.
If you think that you have refractory angina speak to your GP or your Consultant and ask them to contact us.